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Getting Smarter on Credit Cards for Fair Credit
Updated: August 7, 2019
Fair credit may not be the best of credit, but there’s hope. And you're not alone: 61% of consumers have fair credit or better with VantageScore, and 38% have fair. With fair credit, you can build your score, earn some rewards and develop good financial habits.
We researched and analyzed over 160 credit cards designed for people in the fair credit range and evaluated them against several different criteria: rates and fees, rewards, customer service, ability to improve credit lines, and more. Below are our top picks and several tips to help you decide and improve your credit for the future. Here, we look at:
Not sure what to expect? We’ll share how to build credit and how to maximize your fair credit card.
Best credit cards for fair credit
|Best For:||Average Credit Card||Annual Fee|
|No Annual Fee||Capital One® Platinum Credit Card||$0|
|Flat-Rate Rewards||Capital One® QuicksilverOne® Cash Rewards Credit Card||$39|
|Building Credit||Citi® Secured Mastercard®||$0|
|College Students||Discover it® Student Cash Back||$0|
|Fraud Protection||Indigo® Platinum Mastercard®||$0 - $99|
|Credit Bureau Reporting||Credit One Bank® Platinum Visa® for Rebuilding Credit||$39|
|Everyday Spending||Credit One Bank® Platinum Visa® with Cash Back Rewards||$39|
|No Deposit Required||Avant Credit Card||$29|
|Cash back||Discover it® Secured||$0|
|Easy Pre-Qualification||Milestone® Gold Mastercard®||$35 - $99|
Credit cards analyzed: 161
Criteria used: Credit needed, tools to track credit score, ability to improve credit line, rewards rate, rewards categories, sign-up bonuses, redemption options, promotional 0% APR periods, annual fee, other rates and fees, extra features and benefits, customer service, ease of application
What is fair/average credit?
Fair credit and average credit are largely synonymous, and refer to the FICO credit scores between 580 and 669. Alternatively, fair/average credit can refer to VantageScore between 601 and 660. FICO and VantageScore are the two major credit scores in the United States. FICO was the creator of the first credit score, and is still the most widely used score today. Both scores range from 300 to 850.
FICO score ranges
What impacts your credit score?
You may be surprised to learn that your marital status and age don't impact your credit score, and you're not alone if you thought that. VantageScore and the Consumer Federation of America found in a poll they commissioned in 2018 that about two-fifths of consumers wrongly believe that marital status and age affect their scores, and the misunderstanding is even higher with other events.
Consumers wrongly believe these events affect credit score...
As you can see, there are a number of events that don't affect your score. But what does? It's actually late payments, bankruptcies and high balances on credit cards that impact your score, we've found. According to FICO, credit scores are based on the following factors, along with the percentage of importance to your score:
Payment history: 35 percent – If you make a payment 30 days past the due date or later, it will most likely appear on your credit report. The later the payment, the worse the impact on your credit score.
Amounts owed: 30 percent – The less available credit you are using, the higher your credit score will be.
Length of credit history: 15 percent – This refers to the average account age of your accounts and the age of your newest account, which gets younger each time you open a new account.
New credit: 10 percent – Each time you apply for a new credit card or loan, a hard inquiry will hit your credit.
Credit mix: 10 percent – Having several types of loans – such as a car loan, a mortgage and a credit card – can help your credit.
As this shows, the most important things you can do to improve your credit are making payments on time and making payments in full. To view your current credit score for free and without impacting your score, check out our app.
Is a fair credit score good?
Simply put: No. In the FICO score, it is a below-average score. Since credit offers are based on creditworthiness, people with fair credit get below-average offers.
But if you have fair credit, all hope is not lost. While lenders typically prefer credit scores to fall in the good to excellent range, people with fair credit scores are still considered viable applicants for many loans. Additionally, with some work, persistence and responsible credit usage, you can improve your credit score.
Common ways that consumers improve their credit ratings are by contacting the major credit bureaus (Experian, Equifax and TransUnion) and asking them to remove reporting errors, paying down credit card balances and paying off accounts that have been placed in collections. Another tactic is to ask for an increased credit limit on your credit cards. For people who carry credit card balances, an increased credit limit lowers the credit-to-debt ratio, a key factor in credit scoring.
Although credit scores can be improved in a few weeks, most improvements take months and some take years. It may take some time before you qualify for the very best credit card offers, but there are plenty of good options for fair credit in the meantime.
By increasing your credit score, you will have access to better financial opportunities, such as lower interest rates and better credit card offers. To see what credit card offers are available to you, check out our CardMatch tool or review our list of fair credit cards and cards for those with no credit history.
Report errors on your credit reports
There are a number of ways your data can be breached, and the easiest way to find out is by regularly checking your credit reports. You can check your reports at AnnualCreditReport.com.
We found in our recent data breach poll that Americans are more worried about identity theft than home burglaries. Some 46% said having their identity stolen would be worse, while 27% said a home break-in would be worse. And as consumers age, the spread is greater, with a 6-point difference for millennials and a 32-point difference for Baby Boomers.
But for all that fear, consumers are not protecting their data: Some 92% of U.S. adults have been guilty of at least one risky data security behavior within the past year.
What should you do? Besides varying your passwords, regularly check your credit files for mistakes. Notify the credit bureaus of any errors you find, no matter how small, because even a little one can be a sign that you're a victim of fraud, and that can ultimately impact your score.
What do I do if I'm rejected for a credit card?
If your hopes of landing a credit card of your dreams have been dashed, we can help. By taking the right steps, you can recover and get the card you want and need.
1. Get the explanation from the issuer
Issuers are required to explain to you why you were rejected. You might find out online, by phone or by mail – no matter which way, read the issuer's feedback, then rectify the situation.
2. Check your credit score and credit reports
In general, it's a good idea to check your credit reports several times a year. You can check them for free once a year at AnnualCreditReport.com. If you've been rejected by a card issuer, make a point of checking your credit files to make sure there are no errors or omissions.
3. Look at a credit-builder loan with your credit union
If your credit files are too weak for even a basic secured card, talk to your local credit union about getting a credit-builder loan. These loans are designed for improving your credit rather than getting money for a home improvement or car.
4. Catch up on your bills
Payment history has the biggest impact on your credit score. If you are behind on any bills, you should call the creditor and arrange to pay the past due amounts. After making your payments, you can request that the creditor rescind any reported delinquencies so they will no longer show up on your credit report. While this may be the slowest step, it is essential to improving your credit score. Finally, your more recent activity weighs more heavily, so those on-time payments are priceless.
5. Don't close accounts
If you already have cards, don't close them. Instead pay them down and keep using them. Why? Because your payment history remains on your credit files for several years, good or bad, so you aren't protecting your credit just by closing the account. In fact, the available credit on your cards helps your file, as does continuing to pay on time.
6. Wait several months
Wait several months before applying for a card again. Too many card applications too close together can mean desperation to a lender. Also, this gives your score a chance to improve.
7. Apply for a card you are reasonably sure you will get
In this case, don't reach for the stars. Instead, choose a card to apply for that you are pretty sure you can get. If you are unable to qualify for an unsecured card, try a secured card to help build your credit.
Typical lines of credit
You may have dreams of getting a nice fat credit line with that new credit card, but if your credit isn't its best, you might be unpleasantly surprised.
The averages for new lines of credit are typically lower than all lines, with super prime (VantageScore's excellent range) new accounts at $10,165, prime (good) at $5,733 and subprime (poor) at $2,709. These figures are from the American Bankers Association's Q1 2019 Credit Card Market Monitor. The averages for credit lines for all credit cards have risen somewhat for consumers with super prime, prime and subprime credit. Here are the figures for lines of credit for all credit cards.
Card lines of credit by credit band...
- Super prime
- Sub prime
Source: ABA Q1 2019 Credit Card Market Monitor
Typical interest rate for fair credit
If you have fair credit, you will typically pay higher interest rates on your credit card debt than if you have good to excellent credit, although you may find that the interest rate at the higher end of your card's scale is actually lower than that of cards that require good to excellent credit.
In a May survey of 20 cards in the fair credit category, we found that the average low interest rate was 22.83%, while the average higher rate was 25.48%. When we looked at our 10 leading cards that require good to excellent credit, we found the average low interest rate to be considerably lower, at 15.94%, although the high average was actually higher at 26.04%.
Bottom line, the average for fair is 24.15%, while the average for good to excellent is 20.99%. The national average is currently 17.72%.
How fast can credit improve?
The length of time it takes to improve your credit depends on the details of your financial situation. Along with your credit behavior, your starting score is a major factor.
For example, if you have no credit history, it will take a minimum of six months to establish a credit score. Credit score formulas require an active credit account to be present for at least six months before a score is generated.
If you are repairing damaged credit, however, it can take much longer to up your score. A person who only qualifies for a secured card, for example, can generally improve to fair credit within 12 to 18 months – with responsible card usage, of course.
While some people need to repair minor infractions, others have major issues to recover from. According to VantageScore, here are the approximate lengths of time it takes to repair credit based on your actions:
|Action||Avg. Recovery Time||Credit Score Impact|
|Applying for Credit||3 months||Minor|
|Closing an Account||3 months||Minor|
|Maxing Out a Credit Card||3 months||Moderate|
|Missing Payment / Default||18 months||Significant|
What affects your credit?
There are a number of factors affecting your credit, and VantageScore has identified which ones are more important than others. What makes one factor more important than another and what can you do about it? It has to do with how lenders see the behavior. Here are behaviors, how lenders view them and how much impact they have on your credit:
|Behavior||How lenders view this||Impact on your score|
|Pay bills on time||Wisely handling debt||Improvement|
|Not use all available credit||Sufficient access to credit, unlikely to need additional funds||Improvement|
|Hold accounts for long periods||Experienced credit user||Improvement|
|Use different types of loan products||Experience with different types of repayment requirements||Improvement|
|Inquire about or take out new loans||Are you just expanding access or taking on too much?||Slight drop|
|Max out credit cards or make first late payment||Potential signal of increasing risk||Drop|
|Pay multiple loans late; miss 3 or more payments||All credit at risk||Larger drop|
|Stop paying loan; foreclosure||Default||Major drop|
|Bankruptcy||Default||Maximum drop over extended time period|
How consumers with fair credit should use a credit card
When applying for a fair or average credit card, it is important to keep the goal of improving your credit in mind. Here are a few tips on how to properly use a fair credit card:
- Use your card to build credit. The most important aspect of using a card that requires fair or average credit is that you can build your credit with it, which will grant you access to better lending products.
- Keep your utilization ratio low. People with fair credit tend to have cards with low credit limits. To keep your balances low and avoid increasing your credit utilization ratio, making small, multiple payments throughout the month.
- Look for a card without an annual fee. By taking out a card with no annual fee, you minimize the costs incurred with card membership.
- Practice with rewards. Cards for fair or average cards will sometimes have rewards, such as 1% back on all purchases. This is a good way to practice for getting a rewards card down the road. Make sure you don’t carry a balance, because interest charges will negate your rewards.
- Don’t close your old card. Once your credit score has risen to the point that you can apply for a better card, don’t close or stop using your card for fair credit. By continuing to use it, as least for small charges, you keep the account active, continuing to build credit with it, and you increase your available credit.
Robin Ratcliff is the managing editor for reviews on CreditCards.com. Before CreditCards.com, she worked as an analyst and editor, and still brings that same analytical rigor to her card recommendations today. You can reach Robin at email@example.com. Tracy Brackman is a credit card news editor at CreditCards.com, writing breaking news stories on card updates and new card launches. You can reach Tracy at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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