As a rewards credit card holder, you may be wondering if the cash back, points or miles you earned this year are taxable. According to experts, it depends on the type of card you have and the type of rewards you earned.
As a rewards credit card holder, you may be wondering if the cash back, miles or points you earned over the last year are considered taxable income.
The IRS taxable and nontaxable income list does not directly address credit card rewards. However, the experts say that the answer depends on the type of rewards you’re collecting, as well as the type of credit card you have.
Cash back, points and miles
For regular, ongoing rewards like cash back or travel points, you’ll have to spend money in order to get the rewards. So you’re not really getting “free” money like you would with a cash prize or bonus, which are taxable.
“Credit card rewards for individuals are usually not taxable,” says Susan Allen, senior manager for tax practice and ethics at the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
“The logic is that the reward is almost like using a coupon or getting a discount on the purchase,” Allen says, so by getting cash back, “it’s really like reducing the purchase price.” The same logic applies to travel points and miles.
Sign-up bonuses and other awards
Usually, in order to receive a sign-up bonus, you’ll have to spend a certain amount on the card within a specified timeframe. In this case, the reward is still more like a rebate than a prize or award, making it nontaxable.
The exception is when you receive a bonus or gift without having to spend any money, like a sum of cash back just for opening an account or a cash bonus for referring a friend.
In these cases, the reward is more like a prize or award, which are taxable. If the total of the award amount exceeds $600, you will probably receive a Form 1099-MISC from your credit card company, in which case you’ll need to include that amount on your tax return.
See related: How to get the most out of a rewards credit card
Are business credit card rewards taxable?
It’s a different story if you have a business credit card and you use your rewards, such as cash back or a gift card, to help offset your business expenses. While the rewards themselves aren’t taxable, they can reduce your deductible expenses, increasing your tax burden.
Meredith Tucker, a principal at the CPA and advisory firm Kaufman Rossin, cites the example of a business owner who charges $1,000 on their credit card for business travel and uses $200 they earned in cash back to reduce their out-of-pocket cost to $800. In that case, they can only write $800 off their taxes.
And if you use only your rewards to cover the price of a purchase, you won’t be able to deduct the cost of the item from your business expenses, Tucker says.
As a business owner, you may prefer to use rewards to cover the cost of an item. That way you “don’t have to pay for something, rather than just get a deduction for it,” she says.
Along with tracking your business expenses, business owners need to keep track of how they are using business credit card rewards to offset their business expenses when tax time rolls around.
You also need to pay attention if you open up a new credit card and receive a cash bonus for signing up (rather than meeting a minimum spend), or get cash for referring a friend for a credit card. That extra cash you scored could be considered as taxable income.
“Some credit card issuers may report the bonus as income on (IRS) Form-1099,” which reports miscellaneous income, Allen says. “You would need to report that income on your tax return.”
- Most credit card rewards are considered rebates, making them nontaxable.
- Awards and sign-up bonuses that require no spending are taxable.
- Business credit card holders should deduct the value of credit card rewards from their business expenses.