Read expert’s explanations about why certain myths surrounding alternative credit data simply aren’t true. Find out more about this supplemental information and how it might help you access credit.
In the U.S. today, financial institutions chiefly use traditional payment histories — think installment loans and revolving lines of credit — from credit bureaus TransUnion, Equifax and Experian to evaluate consumers’ creditworthiness.
All other data sources that lender can use to evaluate your creditworthiness are classified as “alternative data.”
Alternative credit data provides lenders with additional insights about the way you pay your expenses, such as your cellphone, utility and rent payments.
For some, alternative data might be supplemental, but for millions of people, it might be the only credit record they have — and the only information that can enable them to qualify for their first type of conventional credit.
Although traditional credit has been reliable for a long time, alternative data is coming up more and more in discussions with lenders when they’re determining candidates’ creditworthiness.
5 myths about alternative credit data
Myth No. 1: Alternative credit data is widely used
Nathan Grant, credit industry analyst at Credit Card Insider, feels the biggest myth surrounding alternative credit data is that it is already being used quite a bit.
But, Grant said, the use of alternative credit data in credit scores is actually still in its infancy.
“While unpaid utilities, rent and cellphone bills that are sent to collections will have a negative impact on your credit scores, the positive payment activity is not factored into most scoring models,” Grant added.
UltraFICO, a new scoring model that considers alternative data (borrowers’ checking, savings and money market account information), has yet to be fully rolled out.
And, Grant said, lenders simply aren’t extensively using other released models that consider alternative credit data.
For example, lenders have not been quick to adopt the FICO Score XD, another model that takes into consideration borrowers’ nontraditional data, such as cellphone payment records and utility bills.
Newer models such as UltraFICO and Experian Boost allow consumers to voluntarily offer alternative information for credit scorers and lenders to consider — including balances in their checking, savings and money market accounts — along with their normal credit reports, for a chance to improve their credit scores, Grant added.
When consumers hear about alternative credit data that might build their credit, they believe it will help them in every circumstance, said Todd Christensen, education manager at MoneyFit By DRS.
But, like Grant, Christensen said that not all lenders are willing to adopt credit ratings based on alternative credit data.
“Even with the new UltraFICO, which permits consumers to add alternative activity to their credit data, not all lenders update to the most recent FICO score.” Christensen said.
See related: New FICO score focuses on how much money you have in the bank
Myth No. 2: Alternative credit data isn’t reliable
Another myth about alternative data, according to Kassandra T. Dasent, personal finance consultant, is that it’s unreliable in terms of the information being provided.
“Given that it is recognized under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), and the data provided is garnered from legitimate business sources such as utility companies, banks and mobile service providers, there is no valid reason to discount the accuracy of the information,” Dasent said.
Another misguided concern about alternative credit, Dasent said, is that those who are “credit invisible” are not creditworthy or that they present a risk to lenders.
“If an individual can demonstrate the ability to pay important items such as their rent and bills on time, along with successfully managing their money in their day-to-day banking activities, it is evidence of fiscal responsibility that a potential lender can interpret positively,” Dasent said.
Myth No. 3: Alternative credit data counts only for consumer financing
Priyanka Prakash, lending and credit expert at Fundera, feels many people think alternative credit data is important really only when it comes to consumer financing.
But that’s not true, Prakash said.
Online lenders in the small business space were some of the first to tap into alternative credit data when the Great Recession happened, and banks stopped lending to small business owners.
These online lenders — such as OnDeck, Kabbage, and QuarterSpot — don’t place too much emphasis on small business owners’ credit scores.
Instead, they look at trends in a business’ annual revenue, which is often a stronger indicator of a company’s success and growth potential, Prakash added.
For example, QuarterSpot provides up to $250,000 in funding for small business owners with a credit score of 550 or higher, as long as the company is making at least $200,000 in annual revenue.
“A business owner might have poor personal credit because they didn’t manage their personal finances well, but they could have a rapidly growing business on their hands,” Prakash said.
“Those two things are separate to some extent, and that’s what alternative credit data captures in the small business lending space.”
Myth No. 4: Banks are using your social media accounts to evaluate your creditworthiness
James Garvey, CEO and co-founder of Self Lender, a fintech startup with a mission to help people build credit, said there are two myths surrounding alternative credit data.
Garvey feels many consumers believe that U.S. banks are using their social media profiles to evaluate creditworthiness, and that’s simply not true.
Under U.S. law, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) mandates that lenders must explain to the consumer why he or she was rejected for credit. These rejections are called “adverse actions” and are highly regulated.
When you have to explain why someone was rejected for credit and you’re using traditional credit data, the explanation is simple, Garvey added: The consumer doesn’t meet some FICO score threshold.
“Lenders must provide clear explanations why consumers aren’t creditworthy and with alternative data, the adverse actions can be complicated,” Garvey said. “Rejecting someone for credit because they posted too many dog photos is going to raise a lot of concerns with compliance officers, regulators and the public.”
Myth No. 5: Alternative credit data is growing quickly
Simon Zhen, research analyst for MyBankTracker, said another myth about alternative data is that it will be used much more going forward.
“The future for the integration of alternative credit data doesn’t seem to hold much promise, because progress has been slow,” Zhen said.
“PRBC and RentBureau (now with Experian) are among the major pioneers of alternative credit data, and they were created 14 years ago. And rental payment histories have yet to be impactful on a consumer’s perceived creditworthiness.”
In addition, many consumers think they’ll soon be able to rely on alternate credit data to qualify for new credit lines, and that’s not true, Zhen said.
Zhen noted that the majority of FICO scores don’t even use alternative credit data as part of the calculation.
Which, Zhen feels, means consumers may be wasting money and effort to establish rental payment information and billing histories with utilities and insurance policies (Experian Boost, unlike UltraFICO, takes into consideration payments to insurance companies).
Again, neither will matter if lenders don’t actually use them for the underwriting process.
“Sure, consumers can offer to supplement their credit and loan applications with the alternative credit data, but there is no guarantee that lenders will integrate this information as part of their underwriting process,” Zhen said.
Alternative credit data — there aren’t many drawbacks
Although traditional credit data has reigned supreme for lenders to use when making credit decisions about consumers, alternative credit data can give them deeper insights into how people are really managing their money.
For those who have been overlooked for credit because of their traditional credit data — or lack thereof — alternative data can be an important source of intel that might translate into credit approval.
Not only does alternative credit data provide lenders with a more personal look into their consumers, but it also gives consumers who are seeking credit a greater way to build their cases for approval.
The future of alternative data as a key underwriting tool is uncertain, but it has the capacity to serve as another valuable source of information that could help lenders avoid risk — and help consumers meet their financial goals.