Credit card companies’ policies vary sharply, so don’t always be quick to turn down rental car agencies’ optional coverage.
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Most Americans have no idea what to do when offered collision damage waiver (CDW), the expensive add-on coverage offered – often forcefully – by rental car agents. Given the tricky exclusions listed in the fine print of most credit card policies, chances are, they’re even more confused about what their credit cards cover.
We have answers to your big questions – and the questions you need to ask – so you can make an informed decision about whether to pay for the rental company’s coverage the next time you rent a car.
What does my personal auto insurance cover?
If you own a car, your personal car insurance will likely provide collision and theft coverage, says Michael Barry, spokesman at the Insurance Information Institute, but the coverage isn’t perfect. Most auto insurers won’t cover you if you rent a car overseas, for example, or if you’re using the rental for business. So it’s important to call and ask about exclusions. Many policies also decline to pay some of the additional fees that rental car companies typically tack on to the collision bill, potentially leaving you on the hook for hundreds of dollars. Not to mention that you’ll be responsible for paying the deductible. So that’s where your credit card comes in.
What does my credit card cover?
As a perk of membership, many credit cards offer some kind of rental car protection. Generally speaking, they do not cover things such as personal injury or personal liability, although you may have that coverage through your auto insurance and health insurance. But they do typically cover collision damage and theft protection.
For most cards, the coverage is secondary, meaning that if you have car insurance, you have to file a claim there first (and your premium may go up). But your credit card should step in and pick up where your auto insurer leaves off, paying the tab for your deductible, towing charges and other fees. However, as many frustrated cardholders have learned, the fine print can be tricky. Credit card companies have their own restrictions and exclusions and they, too, often refuse to pay some types of fees levied by car rental companies.
For all those reasons, it’s important to check your coverage in advance.
Do any cards offer primary coverage?
If you have a card with primary coverage, that’s the one you should use to book your car, says Jonathan Weinberg, founder of AutoSlash, an online booking engine for car rentals. “Then you don’t have to report the accident to your car insurance,” he says, “so there’s no chance your rates will rise.” Only a few cards offer primary coverage. As of January 2018, they include Chase Sapphire Preferred, Chase Sapphire Reserve, United MileagePlus Explorer, United MileagePlus Club, Ritz-Carlton Visa Infinite and the JP Morgan Reserve card.
In addition, many business cards offer primary coverage (but you must be using the card for business). If you have an American Express card, you can get primary coverage by enrolling in the company’s premium rental car protection program. Once enrolled, you pay a flat rate of $19.95 to $24.95 (with a slight discount for California and Washington state residents) per rental. The program, which also includes some property damage and injury coverage, can make sense for longer-term rentals, Weinberg says, since you would pay one fee per rental rather than a daily rate like the one charged by rental car companies.
If you don’t have personal auto insurance or if you’re renting a car in a country where your personal auto insurance isn’t in effect, then any card that offers secondary coverage becomes primary, so it should theoretically cover the entire cost of the damage.
What do I need to do to make sure I’m covered?
Most credit cards require that you do the following in order for their coverage to kick in:
- Decline the rental company’s collision damage waiver (CDW/LDW).
- Be the primary renter of the car.
- Pay for the car in full with the card that provides the protection.
Before you rent, Barry of the Insurance Information Institute recommends you ask your card issuer to send you its rental car policy in writing “because that will make it easier to resolve any disputes down the line.”
Check for the following common exclusions to make sure they don’t apply to your situation:
Exclusion No. 1: Length of the rental
Most credit cards won’t cover car rentals that extend beyond 31 days; some have just a two-week limit. If you’re planning a long-term rental, you can break up your rental period into shorter chunks of time to make sure you stay covered. The chart below provides some general limits by issuer. Individual cards may vary, so always check by calling the number on your card.
Maximum length of coverage
American Express 30 days (its premium program covers you up to 42 days if you enroll and the per rental fee) MasterCard Varies by issuer (Citi travel cards have a maximum of 31 days) Discover As of December 2017, Discover cards no longer offer car rental insurance as a benefit. Visa 15 consecutive days in your country of residence; 31 days outside (Some banks that issue Visa-branded cards, such as Chase, offer more generous terms.)
Exclusion No. 2: All vehicles aren’t covered
Most credit card companies exclude trucks, pickup trucks, antique and exotic vehicles, ATVs, motorcycles, large vans and SUVs that seat more than a certain number of passengers (usually seven or eight). But car rental consultant Jim Tennant of the Tennant Group says the exception that tends to cause the most trouble is the limit on expensive cars, since rental agencies are offering more luxury cars than they used to. “When car rental companies are almost out of cars, they may think they’re doing you a favor by giving you a Mercedes instead of the big Ford or Chevrolet you reserved,” Tennant says. “But because the Mercedes is valued at over $50,000, it may not be covered.”
If you are planning to rent a typically excluded vehicle, note that Citi travel cards such as AAdvantage, Premiere and Thank You Preferred cover up to $100,000 in damage to “any motor vehicle with at least four wheels that is designed to be driven on public roads,” according to their terms and conditions. Another option: AmEx’s premium coverage, which specifically notes that it covers cars worth more than $50,000.
Tennant recommends checking for vehicle exclusions in the fine print or calling your card’s program administrator.
Exclusion No. 3: Some countries aren’t covered
Many card companies have specific countries that are excluded. Check the chart below, but also call your card issuer before you go:
American Express Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Italy, Australia and New Zealand MasterCard Varies by issuer Discover No longer offers coverage Visa Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Northern Ireland
If you’re traveling to those places, consider using a Citi travel card (such as Thank You Preferred, Citi Premier or AAdvantage) or a Chase card, because they have no country exclusions. Weinberg recommends taking a written copy of your credit card rental car policy when you rent outside the U.S. Overseas rental agencies often require you to pay for their CDW or liability coverage unless you have documentation showing other coverage.
Are there other exclusions I should be aware of?
Read the fine print. Some policies won’t cover you if you drive on unpaved or gravel roads; others won’t cover you if you wait too long to file a claim. Also, make sure anyone who may drive the car is listed on the rental contract, or confirm that the company allows spouses to be an automatically authorized driver. “If you rent a car in your name and then your spouse is driving and has an accident, companies will use that as a way to deny coverage,” Weinberg says.
If I have full coverage, will I be responsible for any extra fees?
Unfortunately, it’s possible. Rental car agencies often charge “loss-of-use” fees to cover the revenue they lose while a damaged car is in the shop, and those fees can total hundreds of dollars.
Most credit card companies say they will pay those fees as long as the rental car agencies provide documentation, usually a “fleet utilization log,” verifying they actually lost money because the damaged car was out of service. Here’s the problem: rental companies consider those logs confidential. They argue that, legally, they don’t have to provide them. So while your rental company and credit card company play the blame game, you can end up on the hook for the bill. (Note: In some states, such as New York and Wisconsin, car rental companies aren’t allowed to charge loss-of-use fees. In others, auto insurers are required by law to pay those fees.)
Fortunately, credit card companies have become more willing in recent years to pay loss-of-use fees, rental car claims administrators say. Some now accept repair estimates as documentation instead of fleet utilization logs. But rental companies often charge two other fees that may not be covered: administrative fees and “diminution-in-value” or diminished value fees, designed to cover the inherent loss of value to the car because it’s been damaged.
“We fight with credit card companies constantly,” says Coppere Williams, senior claims specialist at Khoury-Alternative Claims Management, a damage-recovery company based in San Antonio. “When they won’t pay, we end up being the bad guys when we have to go back and bill the customer.”
Shayne Ashton, general manager and vice president of PurCo Fleet Services in Spanish Fork, Utah, says rental car companies are just trying to collect what they are owed under the law. “We actually had a couple of cardholders sue American Express for that reason in small claims court, and they ended up getting reimbursed what they had paid out.”..
Are some card companies more willing than others to pay those extra fees?
Williams and Ashton told CreditCards.com that when it comes to car rental claims, Visa is the most willing to pay up, followed by American Express. “Visa without a doubt will pay loss of use, and that’s not always the case with MasterCard and AmEx,” Williams says. “They will also cover an administrative fee without batting an eye. They are the most reasonable.”
What should I do if I’m billed for those fees?
Start by asking the rental car company if it would be willing to waive the fees. Rental car claims administrators sometimes agree to drop some charges if they’ve been paid for everything else. Then go to your insurer and credit card company, emphasizing what a good customer you’ve been. “If you put enough pressure on them,” Weinberg says, “they’ll usually pay out in the end.”
So should I get the rental car insurance or not?
As always, you will have to weigh the risks and benefits. Despite the many exceptions and exclusions, it is possible to get full coverage through your personal auto insurance and credit card, but you’ll need to choose your card carefully, read the fine print and be willing to fight for coverage of any fees. But if all you want is peace of mind, and you don’t mind the expense, the rental car company CDW/LDW coverage may be the way to go.