Expert Q&A

When must you start to make 401(k) withdrawals?


A 70-year-old is about to retire and wonders if he’ll soon be forced to start making withdrawals from his 401(k). Our expert has the answer.

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Question for the expert

Dear New Frugal You,
I’m 70 and will turn 71 on July 24. Should I have already been taking money out of my 401(k)? I’m also retiring in July. What are my options? — Going Golfing


Answer for the expert

Dear Going Golfing,
All together now: Happy birthday to you, happy birthday to you … Did you get a gold watch for your retirement? For your birthday? Of course, what would you need with a watch if you’re just going golfing?

For years, you’ve been diligently putting money into your 401(k) retirement account. Each quarter, you’ve checked the statement in the hope that your investment choices would increase in value. Seems like now you should be allowed to go golfing without having to worry about your finances. Unfortunately, you can’t just book a tee time. You’re right. You’re facing a required withdrawal from your 401(k) plan.

Here’s the scoop, in legalese: The required beginning date is April 1 of the first year after the later of the following years:

  • Calendar year in which the participant reaches age 70 1/2.
  • Calendar year in which the participant retires.

So what’s this mean for you? You turned 70 1/2 Jan. 24, 2010. So you need to make a withdrawal by April 1, 2011.

The plan administrator is required to determine the minimum amount that must be withdrawn. You can get a pretty good idea of how much you’ll need to withdraw by dividing the value of the account by your life expectancy.

The money withdrawn will be taxable income. Normally, you’d want to make the withdrawal after December 31 to delay the taxes for a year. But with tax rates rising next year, you may find it’s better to take the money out beginning this year. You will want to run both scenarios through tax software or ask a CPA to do the calculation for you.

There are also some special rules that could apply. If your wife is 10 or more years younger than you are, the required withdrawal would be based on your combined life expectancy. Also, you may choose to take all of the money out in a “lump sum” distribution. Special tax rules will apply in that case.

So before you tee off, do all the calculations and be prepared to make the 401(k) withdrawal. Failure to make the required minimum distribution is worse than a penalty stroke. It’s a 50 percent tax rate!

See related: Don’t use 401(k) to pay back taxes, Getting financially fit at 50 isn’t too late



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