Research and Statistics

Beware of mail theft at tax time


Tax season is a popular time for mail thieves to steal W-2s, which can allow them to open credit card and other accounts in the victim’s name.

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Tax season may not be the favorite time of year for most Americans, but there is one group of people that looks forward to it annually — mail thieves.

Mail theft is a major issue during tax season, since thieves know that personal information delivered to your mailbox may be ripe for the taking. Credit card applications are a jackpot for identity thieves year-round, but at tax time their focus turns to W-2s. W-2s include Social Security numbers, birth dates and salaries, which credit card applications do not.

The information contained in a W-2 offers fraudsters the chance to open credit card, bank or other accounts with the victim’s data, as well as to make purchases and even apply for a job.  Separately, postal inspectors warn that a stolen W-2 can be used by a thief to file for an refund anticipation loan off a tax return.

Even with some companies offering their employees electronic W-2 forms, the danger remains that personal information stolen from somewhere else can be used to create a fake W-2 under the victim’s name.

There are some steps people can take to avoid having their tax information stolen.  The primary defense is to simply check the mail each day as soon as possible after it gets delivered .  That leaves thieves with little time to snatch mail that contains personal information.  In fact, this is a wise strategy any time during the year when you are expecting the delivery of credit cards, checks or similar items.

Meanwhile, if you plan to be on vacation or away from home for a considerable amount of time, consider placing a hold on your mail or renting a post office box.  You could also ask a trusted friend or neighbor to pick up and hold your mail for you.

Also, let the issuer know as soon as possible if you do not receive your W-2, credit card mailings or other valuable mail.  And, contact your local postmaster or nearest postal inspector if you believe your mail was stolen.  Should you move, be sure to update the post office and anyone you do business with.

If you want to stop banks from mailing credit card applications year round, protect yourself by contacting the Direct Marketing Association. Even though over 400,000 people fall victim to mail theft each year, by taking action you can help avoid joining that group.

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See related: Don’t take the tax anticipation loan bait

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The editorial content on this page is based solely on the objective assessment of our writers and is not driven by advertising dollars. It has not been provided or commissioned by the credit card issuers. However, we may receive compensation when you click on links to products from our partners.

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