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Monday, April 21st 2014

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How credit card balance transfers affect your credit score

You lose a few points, but done smartly, you gain more

By

To Her Credit
To Her Credit, Sally Herigstad
Sally Herigstad is a certified public accountant and the author of "Help! I Can't Pay My Bills: Surviving a Financial Crisis" (St. Martin's Press, 2006). She writes "To Her Credit," a weekly reader Q&A column about issues involving women, credit and debt, for CreditCards.com, and also writes regularly for MSN Money, Interest.com and Bankrate.com, and has guested on Martha Steward Radio and other programs. See her website SallyHerigstad.com for more personal finance tips and free budgeting worksheets.
Ask Sally a question, or read her previous answers in the To Her Credit archive
Question for the CreditCards.com expert

Dear To Her Credit,
When I see all these low interest rates out there, I wonder why I'm still paying 18 percent interest on my credit card. It seems like I could just get an introductory rate card, and then move to a different one when the rate goes up. Can I do that? Would it hurt my credit score? -- Connie

Answer for the CreditCards.com expert

Dear Connie,
Yes, you can do that. In fact, some people do. It may ding your score in the short term, but moving from one low interest credit card to the next could actually help your long-term picture -- if you do it right.

First, the bad news: Opening even one new account will cause an immediate drop in your score. For example, when I got a new card in February, my score dropped seven points.

"New accounts account for about 10 percent of your score," says Barry Paperno, consumer operations manager of FICO score developer Fair Isaac Corp. He says scores are impacted by new accounts because the scoring formula considers that people opening new accounts may soon take on more debt, which increases lenders' risk.

The good news: Opening a new card usually causes only a minimal drop in your score, and the effect is short-lived. If you make payments on time and don't max out your available credit, your score soon climbs back up.

What would happen if you jumped to a new low rate card every six months? Paperno says, "You're hurting yourself in one area, but helping in a couple others." In fact, if the new account has a higher limit, it could improve your limit-to-balance ratio. In that case, the net effect on your score could be positive.

For example, let's say you get a new balance transfer credit card balance transfer credit card. Then you transfer a $10,000 balance from a card with a $10,000 limit to the new card with a low rate and a $20,000 limit. You might lose a handful of points for opening the new account. But since your utilization (limit-to-balance ratio) accounts for 30 percent of your score and opening new accounts only affects 10 percent of your score, you could be much better off. Paperno says, "If you keep doing that, that's not a bad thing."

Credit card balance transfers

Before you try to jump to a card with a low interest rate, consider the following:

  • Don't let the debt pile up. If you get new cards and then run up balances on both the old cards and the new ones, your long-term financial picture and your score will suffer.
  • Watch out for hefty transfer fees. You have to save a lot on interest payments, for example, to make it worth the typical 3 percent all-at-once transfer fee.
  • Don't apply for new cards when you want your score to look the best. A small temporary ding usually doesn't affect anything -- but you want to avoid it if you're qualifying for mortgage right away. It's not exact, but according to Paperno, you can typically recover in six months whatever points you lost.

What about having too many cards? There's no single measure of how many cards you should have. Your score is determined by your overall credit profile. The number of cards you have is not a heavily weighted factor. Paperno wouldn't worry about having too many cards. He emphasizes it's more important that you keep your balances low and never miss a payment. "If your No. 1 factor is that you have too many cards, you probably have a very high score," he says.

Remember, your goal should be to reach the point where you don't carry a dime over on your cards from month to month. Credit cards are purchasing tools; they are not good long-term loans. When you get your balances down to zero, you'll never worry about credit card interest rates again.

See related: Balance transfer 101

Meet CreditCards.com's reader Q&A experts
Vexed by a personal finance problem? CreditCards.com's Q&A experts answer questions from readers every weekday. Ask a question, or click on any expert to see their previous answers.
Gary Foreman, New Frugal You columnist Gary Foreman,
"New Frugal You"
Sally Herigstad, To Her Credit columnist Sally Herigstad,
"To Her Credit"
Cathleen McCarthy, Cashing In columnist Cathleen McCarthy,
"Cashing In"
Jane McNamara, Let's Talk Credit columnist Jane McNamara,
"Let's Talk Credit"
Elaine Pofeldt, Your Business Credit columnist Elaine Pofeldt,
"Your Business Credit"
Erica Sandberg, Opening Credits columnist Erica Sandberg,
"Opening Credits"

Updated: July 13, 2012


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Credit Card Rate Report

Updated: 04-21-2014

National Average 15.00%
Low Interest 10.37%
Balance Transfer 12.64%
Business 12.80%
Student 13.27%
Cash Back 14.84%
Reward 14.96%
Airline 15.30%
Bad Credit 22.73%
Instant Approval 28.00%

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