Losing your job doesn't mean you have to file for bankruptcy
Tax liens and student loan debts won't go away anyway
By Sally Herigstad | Published: July 9, 2010
To Her Credit
Dear To Her Credit,
As of today, my husband and I have only one income. I've been laid off. We live in California and do not own any real estate, but we have close to $60,000 in debts. Most of it is my student loans and credit card debt. We're also behind on our income taxes, which we filed jointly. If I file for bankruptcy, do you think it will destroy my husband's credit? -- Caitlin
Whoa -- slow down there! You got laid off today, and you're thinking about filing for bankruptcy? Let's not get into too big a hurry.
Losing a job is traumatic. It's amazing how much of our lives are wrapped up in our job -- status, evidence of achievement, money, purpose, perhaps even our closest circle of friends. All that feels lost when you carry a box and a couple of potted plants down the elevator for the last time. Give yourself time to recover before you make any drastic decisions.
I don't think you'll find filing for bankruptcy over $60,000 in debt is a good idea when you take everything into consideration. There are times when bankruptcy is the only solution -- for instance, when someone has a huge, one-time debt from medical expenses or a failed business. However, with two people in their earning years, you can and should pay your creditors. Bankruptcy is expensive, time consuming and can be emotionally devastating. Further, it won't get rid of student loans or most back taxes. By lowering your credit score, bankruptcy might even it harder for you to get a job.
As far as your husband's credit goes, you filing for bankruptcy does not directly affect him. However, if both of you are on the credit card accounts and only one of you files for bankruptcy, the banks will turn around and collect from him. You'll be right back where you started! Even if he's not on the card, they can try to collect from him in a [%Link?type=glossary&id=340&text="community property"%] state such as California, or they can argue he benefited from the use of the accounts.
Instead of thinking about bankruptcy, take these steps to get back on track:
- Cut yourself some slack for a day or so. Some people go for a good run when something traumatic happens. (I'm not one of those.) Others talk to friends, dawdle on Facebook or make chocolate chip cookies. (I'm more one of those.)
- Check your state unemployment office to find out how much your unemployment benefits will be.
- Find out where you stand. Make a list of all your debts, including interest rates and minimum payments. Make a baseline budget using your current income and your family's monthly no-frills expenses.
- Start looking for ways to make income. The people who bounce back quickly from losing a job get back into the marketplace immediately. Create a knockout resume, with help if you need it. Network by phone and online using LinkedIn and Facebook. Make sure everyone knows you are looking for work. Check online job sites every day. Or consider starting your own business. You can even sell things, such as a motorcycle or some collectibles, to help you keep up with bills while you look for work.
- Look for places to cut expenses. I prefer big savings, such as finding a better deal on insurance or canceling unused memberships. Some gyms, for example, will let you cancel or suspend your membership when you are unemployed. Recheck that baseline budget and see how close you are to balancing it now.
- See if you qualify for hardship programs on your debts. Banks, and even the IRS, often suspend or reduce payments when debtors are unemployed. In the case of credit card debt, some issuers are willing to delay repayment via credit card forbearance programs.
Even in a down economy, people find jobs, start businesses and even prosper. In fact, many people find losing a job is a step to finding a job or career they like better! Let's hope that is the case for you. Good luck!
See related: Is bankruptcy right for you? Our 7-point checklist, Explore all options before declaring bankruptcy, 14 key factors when considering bankruptcy, Credit card forbearance programs postpone repayment obligations
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